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Saturday, December 19

  1. page Christine edited ... 17. Mabinogion. Project Gutenberg. //gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile?pageno=27&fk_fil…
    ...
    17. Mabinogion. Project Gutenberg. //gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile?pageno=27&fk_files=274054//
    18. Green, Miranda and Billington, Sandra. EBook Concept of the Goddess. London New York Taylor & Francis Routledge, 1996
    Modules
    The Role of Women in Pre-Roman Europe I am very interested in researching the lives of ancient Celtic Women. These women had much more significant and socially important roles than did the Roman women of the time. How did these roles effect the social structure of the peoples of pre-roman Europe and how did the social organization of pre-Roman Europe differ from that of the social structure of the Romans.=
    "Kerma, The Rise of an African Civilization" by Bruce Trigger The floodplains along the Nile constitute an important but as yet little utilized series of laboratories for the comparative study of the origins and interaction of ancient civilizations.
    MODULE 10 Celtic women lived lives much different from women who were living at the same time in Greek and Roman societies. Celtic women could be engaged in matters of business without the consent of their husbands, they were allowed to fulfill religious positions such as healers, to partake in diplomacy and to stand beside men in times of war. The Celtics were a patriarchal society, however, there are instances of female rule. For example, Queen of the Iceni, Boudicca, lead a great revolt against the Romans in 61B.C. after witnessing her daughters being raped by the Romans. Women were also alotted a certain amount of personal rights under the law concerning matters of marriage. Women were not the property of their husbands as they were in Roman society. Although women appear to have had benefits unknown to their Greek and Roman counterparts, these laws were written by men, therefore, to what extent were they ideals or actual norms, and what can we learn from these myths or facts, or combination of both, that will help us better understand the Celts?
    Markale, J.(1975). Women of the Celts. Gordon Cremonesi Publishers
    =----
    MODULE 11=
    Celtic women lived lives much different from women who were living at the same time in Greek and Roman societies. Celtic women could be engaged in matters of business without the consent of their husbands, they were allowed to fulfill religious positions, to partake in diplomacy and to stand beside men in times of war. In fact, women were a part of the Druid society. The druids were actually the highest intellectual caste among the Celts. They filled the positions of doctors, lawyers, ambassadors and advisers to the king. They also served a religious function within celtic society. A female druid, or druidess were referred to as dryades by Greek and Latin writers. There are historical sources that confirm their existence. It is in the Greek philosopher Plutarch's essay, 'On the Virtues of Women', that we learn that Celtic women were appointed as ambassadors, and were actually involved in the treaty between the Carthaginian general Hannibal and the Celtic Volcae.
    The Celtics were a patriarchal society, however, there are instances of female rule. For example, Queen of the Iceni, Boudicca, lead a great revolt against the Romans in 61B.C. after witnessing her daughters being raped by the Romans. Also, Medb of Connacht commanded an army and personally slew Cethren, the opposing warrior who was known as a hero to his own people.
    Women were also alotted a certain amount of personal rights under the law concerning matters of marriage. Women were not the property of their husbands as they were in Roman society. Although women appear to have had benefits unknown to their Greek and Roman counterparts, these laws were written by men, therefore, to what extent were they ideals or actual norms, and what can we learn from these myths or facts, or combination of both, that will help us better understand the Celts?
    Markale, J.(1975). Women of the Celts. Gordon Cremonesi Publishers
    =Ellis, P.(1994). The Druids. Constable and Company Limited ----
    Women in Celtic Society Module 13
    Module 12

    {Stonehenge, 3000-2200BC. England..kmz}
    Module 14:
    EBook(UCF online book source) Green, Miranda & Billington, Sandra. Concept of the Goddess. London New York Taylor & Frances Routledge 1996
    Most of the evidence for the Celtic goddess comes from econographical and epigraphic evidence.(Green, pg 26) The Celt, as did other cultures during this period of time combined healing ideology with religion. the two often being performed by the same person. As far back as the bronze age water was an important part of the healing ritual. During the iron age healing cults also included regeneration and fertility. Women were the source of new life, it would only seem fitting that they held some position of fascination in the areas of medicine and religion. Green states, there is evidence that many devotees of healing deities were women.(pg 26) This would definitely be interesting to any reader interested in the Ancient Celts or Ancient religion or Ancient Female Goddesses.

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    5:12 am

Friday, December 18

  1. msg Final Grade message posted Final Grade Yay! Good job Christine! I got an A, which I was really excited about. :D I was hoping that we …
    Final Grade

    Yay! Good job Christine! I got an A, which I was really excited about. :D I was hoping that we would get some comments back about our individual wiki pages, though, so we would know what to do and what not to do next time, but it's good to know that we got As at least. :)

    I hope you have a wonderful Christmas and a great break!

    Hannah
  2. msg Final Grade message posted Final Grade Hey there! How did everyone do on their final grade for the semester?? I got an A-, which means…
    Final Grade
    Hey there!

    How did everyone do on their final grade for the semester?? I got an A-, which means I must have gotten an A on the wiki project since I didn't do that great on the first exam, but am still anxiously awaiting the posting of the grade.

    Would love to hear how ya'll did!!

    Happy & Fun Holidays!!
    Christine
    6:44 am

Thursday, December 10

  1. msg review for final message posted review for final Hey I'm really sorry. This is the only way I knew to get in touch with you. I'm not going to be abl…
    review for final
    Hey I'm really sorry. This is the only way I knew to get in touch with you. I'm not going to be able to make it today to study. Hopefully you get this before you have been waiting too long. See you tomorrow morning for the exam and good luck!
    10:33 am

Wednesday, December 9

  1. msg Working with you message posted Working with you I really enjoyed it too! Often group projects can be such a hassle, but I thought it was so muc…
    Working with you

    I really enjoyed it too! Often group projects can be such a hassle, but I thought it was so much fun working with all of you. And I hope everybody does well on the final too!

    Have a great Christmas break!

    Hannah
  2. msg Working with you message posted Working with you you too Christine!!!
    Working with you
    you too Christine!!!
    1:47 pm
  3. page Gregg edited ... symbols and gods associated with them. There are also many examples of art with anthropomorph…
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    symbols and gods associated with them. There are also many examples of art with
    anthropomorphic and zoomorphic styles associated with the many religions.
    Women also played an important role in some Celtic art. As stated above, much of
    art in religion revolved around women: the worship of goddesses as well as the worship
    of a Mother Earth. Many excavations of burials have revealed women adorned in jewelry
    and gold. For more information on the roles of women in Celtic society, visit Christine'spage.

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  4. page Gregg edited ... {1.png} {2.png} {3.png} and fabrics did not survive whereas metal work such as weapons, dr…
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    {1.png} {2.png} {3.png}
    and fabrics did not survive whereas metal work such as weapons, drinking vessels, and jewelry
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    The most notable of spiral shapes are mostly documented on the sides of Celtic
    megaliths such as the monument Newgrange in Ireland. Teasha's page on stone
    monuments is a great resource on how many types, styles, and uses of mega liths
    there are in the ancient Celtic realm.
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    For more information on the topic of Celtic religion check out Sara's page. She does
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  5. page Laura edited ... While druidism was not limited to men, women who chose, or perhaps were chosen, to join the or…
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    While druidism was not limited to men, women who chose, or perhaps were chosen, to join the order appear to have been subjected to less formal schooling and it would appear that “spontaneous prophecy was their specialty” (O hOgain, 27).
    {druid_ritual.jpg}
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    (Cunliffe, 191). For further information regarding the different pantheon's of gods during this time period, please refer to Sara's page.
    {esus.gif} Esus {TaranisSm.jpg} Taranis
    Back to Top
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    “Taranis.” Kernunnos.com. n.p., 22 July, 2004. Web. 6 Dec. 2009.
    “Uncategorized Pictures.” Dailygalaxy.com (http://www.dailygalaxy.com/photos/uncategorized/2008/02/12/druids.jpg). n.p., 12 Feb. 2008. Web. 1 Dec. 2009.
    Megalith, architechture, tombs, buildings
    For my part of this project, I would like to focus on European megoliths and architecture. I would like to discuss not only how these sites were formed, but their importance in the rise and continuation of civilization. I would like to look at sites that are not completely intact, as well as some sites that are such as many of the castles that are still around in much of Europe.
    Kerma: The Rise of an African Civilizati
    1st sentence:
    The floodplains along the Nile constitute an important but as yet little utilized series of labratories for the comparative study of the origins and interaction of ancient civilizations.
    Module 9
    The Genesis of Megaliths: Monumentality, Ethnicity and Social Complexity in Neolithic North-West Europe
    Author(s): Andrew Sherratt
    Source: World Archaeology, Vol. 22, No. 2, Monuments and the Monumental (Oct., 1990), pp.
    147-167
    Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
    Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/124873
    Update on my project idea and plan:
    After much research on the topics of ancient European architechture, I have decided to switch my focus to ancient European life, basically, social structure and organization in everyday life before Roman rule.
    This file depicts areas of rainfall in parts of Europe. Rainfall and access to water would have been one determining factor in the lives and settlements of ancient Europeans.
    {meteox.kmz}
    Module 13
    "Our Ancestors the Gauls": Archaeology, Ethnic Nationalism, and the Manipulation of Celtic Identity in Modern Europe
    Michael Dietler
    American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 96, No. 3 (Sep., 1994), pp. 584-605
    Published by: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of the American Anthropological Association
    Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/682302
    This article would be helpful to people wishing to understand more about Celtic culture around the time of the Roman invasion, as well as modern examples or "sightings" of Celtic culture in France. The article details how so many different groups of people came to be known as Celts and where traces of this culture have spread through Western Europe. It also explains the differences between the many different Celtic cultures, namely that it is more of a language group than a cultural group.

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    10:58 am
  6. page Gregg edited ... and fabrics did not survive whereas metal work such as weapons, drinking vessels, and jewelry …
    ...
    and fabrics did not survive whereas metal work such as weapons, drinking vessels, and jewelry
    {4.png} {5.png}
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    For more information on the topic of Celtic religion check out Sara's page. She does
    a great job describing different Celtic religions, their possible origions, and the different
    symbols and gods associated with them. There are also many examples of art with
    anthropomorphic and zoomorphic styles associated with the many religions.
    {7.png}
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    {10.png} {11.png} {bib1.png} {bib2.png}
    MODULES:
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